In his reply, Sima Qian stated that he is a mutilated man with no influence at court. Do you need a Middle Name to go along with the baby name, Sima? [15] When Sima encountered a story that could not be cross-checked with the Confucian classics, he systemically compared the information with other documents. In his playable appearance, Sima Shi is a man with magnificent intelligence who is skilled in both the military arts and various literary studies. [20] For example, in the basic annals section, the Emperor Gaozu is portrayed as a good leader whereas in the section dealing with his rival Xiang Yu, the Emperor is portrayed unflatteringly. It preserves states which are lost and restores the perishing family. Such a moralizing approach to history with the historian high-guiding the good and evil to provide lessons for the present could be dangerous for the historian as it could bring down the wrath of the state onto the historian as happened to Sima himself. "grand scribe" or "grand astrologer"). "From Biographical History to Historical Biography: A Transformation in Chinese Historical Writings" pages 1–30 from, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 09:07. If you consider naming your baby Sima we recommend you take note of the special meaning and history of the name as your baby’… ... [13] Sima took this view himself as he explained: It [Spring and Autumn Annals] distinguishes what is suspicious and doubtful, clarifies right and wrong, and settles points which are uncertain. Here, it means 'boundary, limit'. It is an occupation name, literally meaning "control" "horses", and corresponds exactly to the English surname, whose etymology is from the ish ''mare'' + ''skalkoz''. But because Su Ch'in died a traitor's death, the world has united in scoffing at him and has been loath to study his policies ... Su Ch'in arose from the humblest beginnings to lead the Six States in the Vertical Alliance, and this is evidence that he possessed an intelligence surpassing the ordinary person. Sima — or SIMA may refer to:People* Sima (surname), for people with this Chinese name * Sima Bina, Persian musician * Sima Khan, Pakistani celebrity * Josef Sima (1891 1971), Czech painter * Oskar Sima (1896 1969), Austrian actorPlaces* Sima, Comoros, a … The name Sima has four characters. [4][5] The grand historian's primary duty was to formulate the yearly calendar, identifying which days were ritually auspicious or inauspicious, and present it to the emperor prior to New Year's Day. Sima Qian is known to have com­pleted the Records be­fore his death in c. 86 BC, with one copy re­sid­ing in the im­pe­r­ial cap­i­tal of Chang'an (mod­ern Xi'an) and the other copy prob­a­bly being stored in … In 96 BC, on his release from prison, Sima chose to live on as a palace eunuch to complete his histories, rather than commit suicide as was expected of a gentleman-scholar who had been disgraced by being castrated. --- The letter is a reply to a lost letter by Ren An to Sima Qian, perhaps asking Sima Qian to intercede on his behalf as Ren An was facing execution for accusations of being an opportunist and displaying equivocal loyalty to the emperor during the rebellion. How different it was from the stories one hears! In particular, archaeological finds have confirmed the basic accuracy of the Shiji including the reigns and locations of tombs of ancient rulers.[1]. [15] Sima constantly compared accounts found in the manuscripts with what he considered reliable sources like Confucian classics like the Book of Odes, Book of History, Book of Rites, Book of Music, Book of Changes and Spring and Autumn Annals. Here is a list of ten of the most famous empresses in Chinese history. Even the 20th-century literary critic Lu Xun regarded Shiji as "the historians' most perfect song, a "Li Sao" without the rhyme" (史家之絶唱,無韻之離騷) in his Outline of Chinese Literary History (漢文學史綱要). Weird things about the name Simas: The name spelled backwards is Samis. [15] Sima's famous letter to his friend Ren An about his sufferings during the Li Ling Affair and his perseverance in writing Shiji is today regarded as a highly admired example of literary prose style, studied widely in China even today. I have examined the deeds and events of the past and investigated the principles behind their success and failure, their rise and decay [...] in one hundred and thirty chapters. "History and Historians under the Han" pages 213-218 from, Durrant S.W "Self as the Intersection of Tradition: The Autobiographical Writings of Ssu-Ch'ien" pages 33–40 from, Hardy, G.R "Can an Ancient Chinese historian Contribute to Modern Western Theory?" [15] Sima mentioned after one of his trips across China that: "When I had occasion to pass through Feng and Beiyi I questioned the elderly people who were about the place, visited the old home of Xiao He, Cao Can, Fan Kuai and Xiahou Ying, and learned much about the early days. He has 135 points to start with, unlike the 15 that generic characters normally have. [15], In writing Shiji, Sima initiated a new writing style by presenting history in a series of biographies. The most Simas families were found in the USA in 1920. [20] At the end of most of the chapters, Sima usually wrote a commentary in which he judged how the individual lived up to traditional Chinese values like filial piety, humility, self-discipline, hard work and concern for the less fortunate. It calls good good and bad bad, honours the worthy, and condemns the unworthy. [1], The jizhuanti format refers to the organization of the work into benji (本紀) or 'basic annals' chapters containing the biographies of the sovereigns ('sons of heaven') organized by dynasty and liezhuan (列傳) or 'ordered biographies' chapters containing the biographies of influential non-nobles, sometimes for one prominent individual, but often for two or more people who, in Sima Qian's judgment, played similar roles in history. Before compiling Shiji, Sima Qian was involved in the creation of the 104 BC Taichu Calendar 太初暦 (太初 became the new era name for Emperor Wu and means "supreme beginning"), a modification of the Qin calendar. 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